Contact Center

What is CSAT? Definition, Tips, and Measurement Techniques

Rimlee Patgiri
November 22, 2023
 mins read

Last modified on

Have you ever felt frustrated with customers flooding in with complaints, questions, and it seems impossible to satisfy them? You're not alone! 

Figuring out how to make customers happy can be daunting. But fear not – that's where CSAT comes in. It's like a superhero for businesses, helping them understand and boost customer satisfaction. 

In this blog, we'll break down CSAT in simple terms, share useful tips, and show you an easy way to measure how happy your customers are. To keep it easy, let's note that CX metrics are commonly referred to as customer satisfaction metrics.

What Is Customer Satisfaction Score (Csat)?

A study found that contact center agents report that 88% of customers now have greater expectations compared to previous years.” - Hubspot

Customer Satisfaction Score, or CSAT, is a straightforward metric used to assess how satisfied your customers are with your products, services, or overall experience. It quantifies the level of contentment or dissatisfaction customers feel after interacting with your business. 

CSAT is typically measured using a survey or feedback form where customers rate their satisfaction on a scale, often ranging from 1 to 5 or 1 to 7. A higher score indicates higher satisfaction, while a lower score suggests lower satisfaction.

Book a demo to explore Convin CSAT tool

How is CSAT Measured?

CSAT meaning
 What is csat score?

CSAT, or Customer Satisfaction Score, is measured through a simple and standardized survey or feedback form. Measuring CSAT allows you to gauge customer satisfaction and identify areas that may need improvement, making it a valuable tool for businesses looking to enhance their customer experience.

Here's how it's typically measured:

1. Create a CSAT Survey

Craft a clear and concise survey question that reflects customer satisfaction with a specific product, service, or interaction. The question often takes the form of "How satisfied are you with [product/service/interaction]?"

2. Choose a Rating Scale

Decide on the rating scale you'll use. Common scales include a 1 to 5 or 1 to 7 scale, with 1 representing "very dissatisfied" and the highest number representing "very satisfied." Customers select a number on the scale that best represents their level of satisfaction.

3. Distribute the Survey

Send the CSAT survey to your customers through various channels, such as email, your website, or after a customer support interaction. Ensure that the survey is easily accessible and user-friendly.

4. Collect and Analyze Responses

Gather the responses from customers who have completed the CSAT survey. Calculate the CSAT score by summing up all the scores and then dividing by the total number of responses. Multiply the result by 100 to get the CSAT percentage.

For example, if you received 100 responses and the total score is 400, your CSAT percentage would be 80%.

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How Does CSAT Work?

What does CSAT stand for and measured?
What is the process behind CSAT and how does it operate?

CSAT, or Customer Satisfaction Score, operates as a customer feedback mechanism that helps businesses assess and improve the quality of their products, services, or interactions. Here's a closer look at how CSAT functions:

1. Survey Design

To initiate CSAT, businesses design a concise and focused survey or questionnaire. This survey typically includes a single question that asks customers to rate their satisfaction with a specific aspect of their experience. 

The question might be something like, "How satisfied are you with your recent purchase?" Customers respond by choosing a rating on a predefined scale, such as 1 to 5 or 1 to 7, where higher numbers represent higher satisfaction.

2. Distribution Channels

The CSAT survey is distributed to customers through various channels, including email, website pop-ups, mobile apps, SMS, or even printed materials. The goal is to reach out to customers in a way that is convenient and relevant to their recent interaction with the business.

3. Customer Feedback

Customers interact with the survey by selecting the rating that best reflects their level of satisfaction. Their feedback is collected and recorded for analysis.

4. Score Calculation

CSAT scores are calculated by averaging the individual satisfaction ratings provided by customers. This average score is typically presented as a percentage by multiplying it by 100. For example, if you received 100 responses and the total score is 400, your CSAT percentage would be 80%.

5. Interpretation

CSAT scores offer a straightforward way of measuring customer satisfaction. Higher CSAT percentages indicate greater satisfaction, while lower percentages signal areas where customers may be less satisfied.

6. Analysis and Insights

Businesses analyze CSAT data to gain valuable insights into customer sentiment. They can identify trends, patterns, and specific areas that require attention or improvement. For instance, consistently low CSAT scores in a particular product category may indicate quality issues.

7. Action and Improvement

Armed with CSAT insights, businesses can take targeted actions to enhance the customer experience. This might involve making product improvements, refining service processes, or providing additional training to staff. The goal is to boost satisfaction and address any issues that may be hindering it.

8. Ongoing Measurement

CSAT is not a one-time effort but an ongoing process. Businesses regularly measure CSAT to monitor changes in satisfaction levels over time and to ensure that improvements have a positive impact.

How To Calculate CSAT?

What Is Customer Satisfaction Score?
What Is customer satisfaction score?: Source

Calculating CSAT (Customer Satisfaction Score) is a straightforward process. Follow these steps to calculate CSAT:

1. Collect Responses

First, gather all the responses from your customer satisfaction surveys or feedback forms. Each response should include a rating from customers regarding their satisfaction with a specific product, service, or interaction.

2. Assign Numeric Values

Convert the ratings into numeric values. Typically, CSAT surveys use a rating scale, such as 1 to 5 or 1 to 7, with 1 being "very dissatisfied" and the highest number representing "very satisfied." Assign these values to the respective responses.

3. Calculate Total Score

Add up all the numeric values or scores from the individual responses. This will give you the total score.

4. Determine the Number of Responses

Count the total number of responses you received from customers who completed the CSAT survey.

5. Calculate the Average Score

To calculate the CSAT score as a percentage, divide the total score by the number of responses. Then, multiply the result by 100.

CSAT score calculator
How to calculate csat percentage?

For example, let's say you received 100 responses from customers who rated their satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 5, and the total score is 400. Your CSAT score would be calculated using the formula:

CSAT Score = (Total Score / (Number of Responses * Maximum Rating)) * 100

CSAT Score = (400 / (100 * 5)) * 100

CSAT Score = (400 / 500) * 100

CSAT Score = 0.8 * 100

CSAT Score = 80

In this example, your CSAT score is 80%, indicating that, on average, your customers are highly satisfied with the aspect of your business you measured with the CSAT survey.

Remember that a higher CSAT score typically reflects higher customer satisfaction, while a lower score indicates lower satisfaction. It's essential to use CSAT scores as a tool to assess customer sentiment and identify areas where improvements may be needed to enhance the overall customer experience.

What Is A Good CSAT Score?

What is a good CSAT score?
What is a good CSAT score?

Here's how CSAT scores are commonly interpreted:

  • 80% or Higher: A CSAT score of 80% or above is generally seen as an excellent score. It indicates that the majority of your customers are highly satisfied with the aspect of your business that you measured with the CSAT survey. This level of satisfaction promotes client loyalty and positive word-of-mouth.
  • 70% to 79%: CSAT scores falling within this range are considered good. While there is room for improvement, a substantial majority of your customers are still satisfied. Businesses in this range should identify areas for enhancement and work on making incremental improvements.
  • Below 70%: CSAT scores below 70% suggest that there is significant room for improvement in customer satisfaction. Businesses falling in this range should pay close attention to customer feedback, identify pain points, and take concrete actions to address issues and enhance the customer experience.

It's important to note that the definition of a "good" CSAT score can vary between industries and businesses. What matters most is monitoring your CSAT scores over time, comparing them to industry benchmarks if available, and striving to improve continuously.

Additionally, it's essential to consider the context and nature of the survey. For instance, a CSAT survey specifically focused on customer support interactions may have different score expectations than a survey about the overall product or service experience. 

Ultimately, your goal should be to maintain or improve CSAT scores to meet or exceed customer expectations and drive customer loyalty.

Drive customer loyalty using Convin’s CSAT software

Benefits Of Using CSAT

What Is a Customer Satisfaction Score and its benefits?
Benefits of customer satisfaction in contact centers

CSAT is a valuable tool for businesses looking to enhance customer satisfaction, improve customer experiences, and drive overall success. It enables you to gather actionable insights, make informed decisions, and ultimately build stronger relationships with your customers.

Using Customer Satisfaction Metrics Score as a metric in your business offers several benefits: 

1. Quantifiable Customer Feedback

CSAT provides a quantifiable way to collect customer feedback. It turns subjective opinions into numerical scores, making it easier to measure and track satisfaction levels over time.

2. Quick and Simple

A customer satisfaction survey is typically short and straightforward, consisting of a single question and a rating scale. This simplicity increases the likelihood of customer participation and feedback collection.

3. Immediate Insights

CSAT allows you to gather real-time insights into customer satisfaction. You can promptly identify issues and areas for improvement, allowing for timely responses to customer needs.

4. Benchmarking

CSAT scores provide a benchmark for evaluating performance over time. You can compare current scores to historical data and industry averages to assess whether customer satisfaction is improving or declining.

5. Identify Pain Points

CSAT helps you pinpoint specific pain points in your customer journey. By analyzing responses, you can determine where customers are least satisfied and take targeted actions to address those issues.

6. Customer Loyalty

Higher CSAT scores are often correlated with increased customer loyalty. Satisfied customers are more likely to return, make repeat purchases, and become advocates for your brand.

7. Improved Retention

Monitoring CSAT allows you to proactively address customer concerns, reducing customer churn and retaining more customers. Satisfied customers are less likely to switch to competitors.

8. Product/Service Improvement

CSAT feedback can guide product or service enhancements. By understanding what aspects of your offerings customers are dissatisfied with, you can make informed improvements.

9. Enhanced Customer Experience

CSAT helps you focus on improving the overall customer experience. As you address pain points and meet customer expectations, you create a more positive and memorable experience for your audience.

10. Data-Driven Decision Making

CSAT data provides a foundation for data-driven decision-making. It empowers you to allocate resources more effectively, prioritize improvements, and invest in areas that have the most significant impact on customer satisfaction.

11. Customer-Centric Culture

Emphasizing CSAT encourages a customer-centric culture within your organization. When employees see the direct link between customer satisfaction and business success, they are more motivated to prioritize customer needs.

12. Competitive Advantage

Higher CSAT scores can give you a competitive advantage. Satisfied customers are more likely to choose your business over competitors, and positive reviews can attract new customers. 

Tips For Improving CSAT

What is a good CSAT score?
Tips for improving your CSAT score

Improving your CSAT (Customer Satisfaction Score) is crucial for enhancing customer loyalty and the overall success of your business. Here are some tips to help you improve your CSAT scores:

  1. Listen Actively: Pay close attention to customer feedback and act on it promptly to address their concerns and suggestions.
  1. Train Your Team: Invest in training to ensure your employees can provide excellent service and resolve issues effectively.
  1. Personalize Interactions: Tailor your interactions to individual customer preferences and needs.
  1. Streamline Processes: Simplify and streamline your business processes to make them more customer-friendly.
  1. Provide Quality Consistently: Maintain a consistent level of quality in your products or services to build trust.
  1. Seek Feedback: Continuously measure and monitor CSAT scores and use the feedback to make ongoing improvements.
  1. Empower Self-Service: Offer self-service options to allow customers to find solutions on their own, increasing satisfaction and efficiency.

Customer Satisfaction Score Pros & Cons

How To Analyze Your CSAT?

Convin's CSAT Score Analysis revolutionizes the way you understand and enhance customer satisfaction. By utilizing detailed conversation analysis, Convin empowers your agents to grasp customer needs, improve service delivery, and strategically plan follow-ups. 

With a focus on achieving Contact Center Excellence, Convin boasts a remarkable 

  • 27% increase in CSAT.
  • 25% increase in retention rate.
  • 12% increase in repeat purchases. 

Convin streamlines performance tracking and improvement by effortlessly monitoring trends, identifying key conversations for analysis, and utilizing csat as a performance metric. This leads to faster and improved follow-ups, ensuring agents receive actionable insights at the conclusion of each interaction.

Convin's CSAT score analysis transcends the confines of a mere numerical score, providing detailed explanations, suggesting next steps, and offering customizable ranges tailored to your specific business needs. The platform delivers comprehensive analysis reports, spotlighting strengths and areas for improvement.

With features like automated quality assurance, conversation behavior analysis, and AI-driven agent assist, Convin doesn't just deliver results; it crafts memorable experiences for your customers, minimizing the likelihood of unhappy customers while maximizing opportunities for customer acquisition.

Sign up to upgrade your customer experience. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. When should you use CSAT?

CSAT is best used when you want to measure customer satisfaction with specific interactions, products, or services, typically through post-interaction surveys.

2. What are some CSAT pros and cons?

Pros: Easy to understand, quantifiable feedback, real-time insights, actionable feedback.

Cons: Limited scope, potential for bias, lack of context, response rate variability.

3. What is the difference between CSAT vs NPS?

CSAT measures satisfaction with specific interactions or experiences using a rating scale. NPS (Net Promoter Score) measures overall loyalty and likelihood to recommend a company or product using a single-question scale.

4. What is CSAT in BPO?

In Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), CSAT is used to assess customer satisfaction with outsourcing services, such as customer support or back-office functions. It helps BPO providers gauge service quality and identify areas for improvement.

5. What is the difference between CSAT vs. Customer Effort Score?

CSAT (Customer Satisfaction Score) measures overall satisfaction with a product or service, usually through a survey. 

Customer Effort Score (CES) measures the ease with which customers can accomplish a specific task or resolve an issue. CSAT is more general, while CES focuses on the customer's effort in a particular interaction.

6. What does CSAT stand for?

The CSAT test is used to measure customer satisfaction with a product or service. It typically involves asking customers to rate their satisfaction on a scale, often ranging from "very dissatisfied" to "very satisfied.

7. What is the meaning of CSAT test?

In a call center context, CSAT stands for "Customer Satisfaction," and the CSAT test is a method used to measure customer satisfaction with the service provided by call center agents. It typically involves surveys or questionnaires that customers fill out to rate their experience with the call center interaction.

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